Generalist Study Path

This page sets out links to my answers to each of the questions in the ADF Generalist Study Path

Liturgy 1

  1. Describe the purpose and function of ritual.
  2. Describe some of the roles individuals might take on within the context of ritual.
  3. Describe the concepts of the Centre and the Gates in ADF’s Standard Liturgical Outline.
  4. Discuss why ADF rituals need not have a defined outer boundary, or “circle”, and the sacralisation of space in ritual.
  5. Discuss the Earth Mother and her significance in ADF liturgy.
  6. Discuss the ritual significance of Fire and Water in ADF liturgy.
  7. Discuss the origins of the Fire, Well and Tree, and the significance of each in ADF liturgy.
  8. Discuss the Outdwellers and their significance in ritual (or not, as the case may be).
  9. Describe the intention and function of the Three Kindreds invocations, and give a short description of each of the Kindreds.
  10. Describe other possible models for “Filling Out the Cosmic Picture” sections.
  11. Discuss how one would choose the focus (or focuses) for the Key Offerings.
  12. Discuss your understanding of Sacrifice, and its place in ADF liturgy.
  13. Discuss your understanding of the Omen.
  14. Discuss your understanding of the Blessing Cup, or “Return Flow.”
  15. Discuss possible cultural variances for elements discussed in Question 3 through 14 above.
  16. Describe how ADF liturgy corresponds with your personal or group practice.

History of Neopaganism and Druidry

  1. Define Paleopaganism, Mesopaganism, and Neopaganism, giving examples of each.
  2. Name and describe several of the literary sources that contributed to Neopaganism in the first quarter of the 20th century, and discuss their impact on its development.
  3. Describe several examples of authentic folk customs absorbed into Neopaganism, and describe how they have been adapted.
  4. Of the following names, identify and explain the importance each has had in Neopagan history and/or the magical revival:
    1. Gerald Gardner
    2. Robert Graves
    3. Dion Fortune
    4. Oberon Zell
    5. Starhawk
    6. Isaac Bonewits
    7. (Up to two other individuals of your choice)
  5. Compare and contrast your understanding of three various forms of Neopaganism, such as Wicca, Asatru, eclectic Neopaganism, shamanism, and discordianism.
  6. Discuss the origins and practices of hermetic or ceremonial magic, and how they have influenced Neopaganism.
  7. Discuss the influence of the Pagan festival movement, and how the festivals changed Paganism in the 1980s.
  8. Discuss the influence of the Internet, and how it has changed Paganism in the 1990s.
  9. Discuss the origins of the Druidic revival in 18th and 19th century England, naming its key players and describing their contributions.
  10. Discuss the origins of the RDNA, and the influence of Isaac Bonewits, and the founding of ADF.
  11. Describe the groups that have split off from ADF, their history and work.

Indo-European Studies 1

  1. Describe several of the factors that define a culture as Indo-European and how those defining factors are useful in understanding that culture. (minimum 300 words)
  2. George Dumezil’s theory of tripartition has been central to many modern approaches to Indo-European studies. Outline Dumezil’s three social functions in general, and as they appear in one particular Indo-European society. Offer your opinion as to whether you believe Dumezil’s claim that tripartition is central to IE cultures. (minimum 300 words)
  3. Choose one Indo-European culture and describe briefly the influences that have shaped it and distinguish it from other Indo-European derived cultures. Examples include migration, contact with other cultures, changes in religion, language, and political factors. Is there any sense in which this culture can be said to have stopped being an Indo-European culture? (minimum 300 words)
  4. Choose one other Indo-European culture and compare and contrast it to the culture discussed in question 3 above with respect to each culture’s Indo-European nature. (minimum 300 words)
  5. From its beginnings, ADF has defined itself in relation to Indo-European pagan traditions. What relevance do you think historical and reconstructed IE traditions from the past have in constructing or reconstructing a Pagan spirituality for the present and future? (minimum 600 words)
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